"Most traditional African societies regard the Earth as sacred. The implications of this philosophical idea are numerous. In fact, Africans take the Earth to be a major spirit–not just the carrier of all the other spirits, but a vital, living entity." - Molefi Kete Asante
"Earth symbolizes the mother on whose lap everyone finds a home, nourishment, support, comfort, and empowerment. Representing the principle of inclusion, earth is the ground upon which we identify ourselves and others. It is what gives us identity and a sense of belonging. Produced as the result of the encounter between fire and water, earth represents survival and healing, unconditional love and caring. Earth loves to give and gives love abundantly. In other words, earth cares as much for the crooked as it does for the honest. Both of them are allowed to walk on her. In the Dagara cosmological wheel, earth is located in the center and is colored yellow. This central position in the wheel stresses the importance of visibility. Earth is the power to notice, to see and to thrill in being seen." - Malidoma Patrice Somé
Asase Yaa (Mother Earth, Aberewa) is the great fertility spirit of the Akan. She’s the wife of Nyame and mother of Bea/Bia, Tano and Anansi. She’s the nurturer of earth.
"The Akan regard the earth as a female spirit because of its fertility and its power to bring forth life, and they further personalize it as a mother because human beings depend on it for their continued nurturance and sustenance. Asase Yaa is of paramount importance to the Akan because it is through her, by way of libation and dance, that they gain access to and maintain familial connections with their ancestors." - Yaba Amgborale Blay
"The Earth is not worshipped, and there are no priests or priestesses dedicated to an earth temple in Africa. Yet humans are supposed to take care of the Earth, to ask her permission before digging to bury the Dead, and to seek her blessing that the child returns to Earth." - Molefi Kete Asante
Geb is the ancient Kemetic Netjer of the Earth. He’s one of the Ennead of Heliopolis. The son of Shu and Tefnut, he’s the brother/husband of Nut (Sky Netjert).
"He was also called the "Rpt" (the hereditary, tribal chief of the gods), and the earth itself was referred to as "pr-gb-b" ("The House of Geb"). Earthquakes were thought to be his laughter and it was he who supplied the minerals and precious stones found in the earth, as a god of mines and caves. The sign used in his name became associated with vegetation and the lush farming land by the Nile. It was said that barley grew on his ribs and he was depicted with green patches of vegetation all over his body. As a god of the harvest, he was sometimes considered to be the spouse of Renenutet, the cobra goddess." - J. Hill
"In the ancient narrative of creation told in the African Nile Valley, the Supreme Deity created Shu and Tefnut, air and moisture, and Nut and Geb, sky and Earth. Thus, Geb, the Earth, was at the very beginning. As a deity, Geb was considered one of the sacred elements of the universe. The Earth as a deity must be treated with respect and deference if the universe is to be held together." - Molefi Kete Asante
Among the Ibo/Igbo of Nigeria, Ala (also known as Ale and Ane) is the Alusi (spirit) of earth. Known as Earth Mother, her name means “ground”. She’s the highest/most important Alusi and is married to Amadioha (sky Alusi). Ala is a Creator and Queen of the Dead/Underworld. She rules over community laws, morality, oaths, harvest, earth, death, cycles, luck, joy, cleansing and creativity.
Obasi-Nsi is the Earth spirit among the Ekoi/Ejagham people of southeastern Nigeria. Also known as Nna Obasi (Lady Obasi), she’s married to Obasi Osaw (Sky Spirit). A tortoise-shelled spirit, she rules over the fertility of the earth. Obasi-Nsi is also known as Ison, Eka Obasi, and Ibibio.
An interesting thing about all of the spirits mentioned above who are associated with Earth are all married to sky spirits.
- Asase Yaa (Mother Earth) is married to Nyame (Lord of the Sky)
- Geb (Earth Netjer) is married to Nut (Sky Netjert)
- Ala (Earth Alusi) is married to Amadioha (Sky Alusi)
- Obasi-Nsi (Earth Spirit) is married to Obasi-Osaw (Sky Spirit)